Some of the most widely found animals in the world are mice. They are found almost everywhere on earth. Mice are usually grouped together with rats. Although rats and mice look exactly alike to at a glance, they are different animals. Mice are smaller than rats. Actually, they are not just two different types of rodents but several different kinds of rodents. The animals we know as mice are in fact several rodents known to mice control experts as field mice, deer mice, house mice, dormice, smoky mice and spiny mice. However, house mouse is the one known to most of us.
Mice are eaten by cats, dogs, foxes, snakes and birds. However, they are one the most successful animals on earth because that have the ability to adapt to any kind of environment and also because they reproduce quickly. An adult female can give birth to a litter of 9 to 12 young four weeks after conceiving, and they can reproduce at close intervals throughout the year. Mice are not known to be aggressive and there is no record of these tiny rodents biting humans. But they like to live inside homes because of they can find food and shelter easily. They have been regarded as pests for thousands of the years because of the damages they do.
Adult mice may grow up to about 8 centimeters in length, not counting their tail, and weigh from 12 to 22 grams. They have brown or grey fur with somewhat lighter shading on their underside. They mostly scavenge during twilight and dusk. They have weak eyesight and cannot differentiate color, but have very sharp taste, hearing and smelling faculties. These omnivorous animals eat everything they can find. They are attracted to homes by scraps of food, pet food, rubbish, litter and the smell of fruits. Your house may also be viewed as a safe maternity ward by the female mouse.
Mice cause troubles in four ways. They steal food from the kitchen and crops from the field. Each mouse needs to eat 5 to 10 grams of food a day; multiply that by 5+ billion mice and you can deduce the total amount of food they eat every year. They leave behind droppings that can spread germs. Having sharp teeth, they can nibble into almost anything, including shoes, clothes, magazines and books, and wooden furniture. Worst of all, they carry harmful bacteria, virus and other microorganism, such as salmonella and listeria.
Traditional methods of mice control include setting a mouse trap, using food laced with poison and employing a cat. These do work quite effectively to the extent that they can get rid of a few mice once they enter the house, but poisoning can be fatal to children and pets. However, these methods are not adequate for preventing mice from coming into your home. Contemporary methods are focused on long-term approaches and are more effective. They include:
¢ Depriving them of food sources, such as scraps and uneaten food.
¢ Removing shelter and cover, such as cavities, holes and clutter.
¢ Blocking entry routes into your home, such as cracks, holes and unused drainage pipes.
¢ Using commercial mouse repellents, such as an electric mouse repellent that uses high frequency sound to chase mice away.